HISTORY OF BORDEAUX
Bordeaux wines are the most famous and sought after. The French government restricts the amount of wine each producer is allowed to yield which immediately creates a supply and demand dynamic. The government restrictions on wine production were introduced by Napoleon III which remains virtually unchanged today.
In 1855 Napoleon III requested France's wine brokers to come up with a system that would allow foreign visitors to be able to easily identify the Country's best wines. This is when the Official Bordeaux Classification was born. Wines were ranked based on their importance, from First Growth to Fifth Growth. Wines that are First Growth are naturally more in demand as they are viewed as the best.
APPELLATION D'ORIGINE CONTROLEE
The AOC system, was created by the French Government to grant select areas official status for their agricultural products, due to the specific terroir and soil of the area. The initial creation of the Bordeaux appellation system began in 1936. The system makes very good sense and has a simple purpose.
When a product comes from a specific area, it’s has uniqueness uniqueness due to its terroir that gives a wine its special character and identity. For Chateau to sell wine using the status of their Bordeaux appellation on the label, the chateau must abide by a specific set of rules. The chateau and vineyards must be located inside the geographical boundaries of the appellation. The chateau must agree to follow the rules and regulations set forth by the appellation for vineyard practices. These rules insist that a wine must be produced using grapes from chateau's property and produced inside the appellation.
1855 CLASSIFICATION OF BORDEAUX
First Growth wines are regarded as the very best French wines. These historic producers have been perfecting the art of wine making for centuries.
Next are the Second Growths wines which are equal in terms quality and history, but sold at a slightly lower price point. The growth system stretches to Fifth growth.
Learn more about the history of the 1855 Classification, and France's best wine producers by watching the short video (left).
SUPERIOR FIRST GROWTH
FIRST GROWTH WINES
Château Lafite Rothschild
Château Mouton Rothschild
SECOND GROWTH WINES
Chateau Pichon Longeuville Baron
Chateau Pichon Longueville Comtesse de Lalande
Chateau Cos d'Estornel,
Chateau Leovill-Las Cases
Chateau Leoville Poyferre
Chateau Leoville Barton
THIRD GROWTH WINES
FORTH GROWTH WINES
FIFTH GROWTH WINES