HISTORY OF BORDEAUX 

​Bordeaux wines are the most famous and sought after. The French government restricts the amount of wine each producer is allowed to yield which immediately creates a supply and demand dynamic. The government restrictions on wine production were introduced by Napoleon III which remains virtually unchanged today.

In 1855 Napoleon III requested France's wine brokers to come up with a system that would allow foreign visitors to be able to easily identify the Country's best wines. This is when the Official Bordeaux Classification was born. Wines were ranked based on their importance, from First Growth to Fifth Growth. Wines that are First Growth are naturally more in demand as they are viewed as the best.

APPELLATION D'ORIGINE CONTROLEE 

The AOC system, was created by the French Government to grant select areas official status for their agricultural products, due to the specific terroir and soil of the area. The initial creation of the Bordeaux appellation system began in 1936. The system makes very good sense and has a simple purpose. 

When a product comes from a specific area, it’s has uniqueness uniqueness due to its terroir that gives a wine its special character and identity. For Chateau to sell  wine using the status of their Bordeaux appellation on the label, the chateau must abide by a specific set of rules. The chateau and vineyards must be located inside the geographical boundaries of the appellation. The chateau must agree to follow the rules and regulations set forth by the appellation for vineyard practices. These rules insist that a wine must be produced using grapes from  chateau's property and produced inside the appellation. 

1855 CLASSIFICATION OF BORDEAUX 

First Growth wines are regarded as the very best French wines. These historic producers have been perfecting the art of wine making for centuries. 

Next are the Second Growths wines which are equal in terms  quality and history, but sold at a slightly lower price point. The growth system stretches to Fifth growth. 

Learn more about the history of the 1855 Classification, and France's best wine producers  by watching the short video (left). 

SUPERIOR FIRST GROWTH

Château d'Yquem 

FIRST GROWTH WINES 

Château Lafite Rothschild

Château Latour

Château Margaux

Château Haut-Brion 

Château Mouton Rothschild

SECOND GROWTH WINES 

Chateau Lascombes

Chateau Brane-Cantenac

Chateau Pichon Longeuville Baron

Chateau Pichon Longueville Comtesse de Lalande

Chateteau Ducru-Beaucaillou

Chateau Cos d'Estornel, 

Chateau Montrose,

Chateau Rauzan-Selga

Chateau Rauzan-Gassies

Chateau Leovill-Las Cases

Chateau Leoville Poyferre

Chateau Leoville Barton

Chateau Durfort-Vivens

Chateau Gruaud-Larose